Global air transport continues to grow at a relentless rate. In 2017, passenger demand increased by 7.6% over the previous year and exceeded the average growth rate of the last decade, which was 5.5%, according to the International Air Transport Association (IATA). In Spain, figures are equally encouraging: in 2017, a total of 294.4 million passengers was registered at Spanish airports, an increase of 8.3% over the previous year. Along the same lines, Enaire managed 2.18 million operations, 6.3% more than in 2016.
In this context, Ineco maintained its aeronautical activity at levels similar to previous years, with a turnover of more than 50 million euros, slightly higher than in 2016. The company continued to work for its shareholder Enaire, and other clients in Spain, including the Spanish Aviation Safety and Security Agency (AESA), the General Directorate of Civil Aviation (DGAC) and Aena. Abroad, the company consolidated its presence in geographic markets such as Europe, the Middle East, Latin America and Africa, and launched projects in new strategic countries such as the United States and the Netherlands.
In relation to the national market, Ineco continued to support AESA in airport certification during 2017. As a result, Spain managed to certify all its airports under EASA (European Aviation Safety Agency) regulations.
After approval in early 2017 of the Airport Regulation Document (DORA) developed by Ineco, it continued to provide support to the Civil Aviation Department (DGAC) for monitoring compliance with this regulatory document. In addition, and in line with previous years, Ineco maintained its collaboration with the DGAC in the revision and analysis of all urban plans that may interfere in the correct functioning of the airport infrastructure, support in the environmental processing of the proposed plan and support in the management of documentation to be processed in expropriation records.
Another of Ineco’s major clients is Aena, for which it prepared projects (T1 south of Barcelona airport – El Prat), technical management (major investments in the refurbishment of terminal buildings in the airport network), airport planning and implementation and monitoring of energy efficiency and renewable energy in the airport manager’s network.
2017 was a key year in the international airport business, with the design of the new terminal at Schiphol airport in Amsterdam being awarded to the Spanish-Dutch consortium, KL Air, of which Ineco is part, to bring its in-depth knowledge and experience in planning, design and operation of airports. The new terminal, which will be completed in 2023, will enable the airport to handle up to 14 million more passengers a year, thus enabling it to maintain its benchmark position as a European hub.
Another milestone to be highlighted in the last year is the recruitment of Phase 1 of the Newark Airport ORAT. An achievement that allowed the company to win its first project in the US market due to its extensive experience in airport transition.
During 2017, airport activity was consolidated in regions where Ineco has been present for years. In Mexico, for example, work is underway on the supervision of the construction of the New Mexico City International Airport, and work is being carried out for the Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacífico (GAP), which includes the functional design of the terminal buildings of Tijuana and Puerto Vallarta airports.
In Central America, activity was focused on the continuation of work on Sangster-Montego Bay International Airport in Jamaica, developing planning, design and supervision projects.
New projects were also achieved in Costa Rica: the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the drafting of the construction project for the rehabilitation of the airfield of the Daniel Oduber Quirós International Airport (AIDOQ). Also worthy of mention are the Master Plan for the Germán Olano Airport of Puerto Carreño and the airport planning schemes for the airports of San Bernardo de Mompox and Contador de Pitalito in Colombia.
In Peru, assistance was provided for improvements to the Jorge Chavez airport in Lima, as well as the modernisation of Chiclayo airport. Work was also carried out to improve pavement management at Pucallpa, Iquitos and Pisco airports.
The Middle East is a key region for Ineco’s international expansion. Projects such as the expansion of two airports in the United Arab Emirates, where the company continued to work in 2017, are clear examples of the relevance of Ineco airport activity in this area: the MTC (Midfield Terminal Complex) of the international airport of Abu Dhabi, for which it has been providing operational readiness and transfer (ORAT) since 2014, and comprehensive project management of the enlargement works of Fujairah Airport. The company was also awarded the Master Plan for Dammam King Fahd International Airport in Saudi Arabia, the first Aeronautical project to be developed in this country.
Activity in 2017 on the African continent was focused on Cape Verde, where important projects were carried out. On the one hand, the company supervised the most recent works to expand the passenger terminals of the international airports of Boa Vista and Sal, which registered the highest tourist traffic. On the other hand, it developed two consultancy studies to analyse the feasibility of developing new airport infrastructures in the country, for the aerodromes of the islands of Santo Antão and Brava, and for the airport of São Filipe, on the island of Fogo.
In air navigation, Ineco continued to provide specialised services to Enaire, the national manager of Spanish air navigation. In the field of TMA operations (Terminal Maneuvering Area), the A-CDM (Airport-Collaborative Decision Making) system was commissioned at Palma de Mallorca airport, and the procedures of the same system optimised in Barajas and El Prat. Support was also given to the development of APP Drones, which allows flight planning and consultation of the applicable regulations depending on the characteristics of the operation and the drone to be used.
Regarding the development of the Air Navigation System, it continued to collaborate with MITRE (main source of technical support of the FAA – Federal Aviation Administration). Ineco also participated in the development of new tools that allowed Enaire to supply runway capacity studies, improving the scope of current applications.
In terms of structuring and organising the airspace, the company participated in the restructuring of the RNAV 1 departure and arrival manoeuvres as well as in transitions to Barcelona airport.
With regard to safety activities, more than 100 safety studies have been developed due to changes in the Air Navigation System, highlighting the safety analysis of the BRAIN Project that modifies the Barcelona TMA and of the implementation of new PBN manoeuvres at the airports of Vigo, Madrid, Valencia and Asturias.
Regarding security, during the course of 2017, Safety Programmes were developed for 91 facilities from which air navigation services are provided. At the beginning of the year, the Enaire Security Training Plan (2017-2018) was also drawn up.
In terms of aeronautical communications, Ineco carried out studies covering T/A communications for planning the deployment of ATN/VDL mode 2 stations. It also focused on the digitization of voice communications for ATC in control towers by monitoring and controlling installation, integration and acceptance tests, as well as coordinating the commissioning of the new voice communications systems (SCV) and Ground/Air communications (SCTA) based on VoIP technology at the airports of Alicante and Almería.
During 2017, more than 100 radio simulation studies were carried out at the Enaire and Aena air navigation facilities.
In 2017, Ineco supported the deployment of radio aids for approach procedures at the airports of Ibiza, Gran Canaria and Alicante to update navigation and surveillance systems. It also collaborated in the deployment of three automatic dependent surveillance stations (ADS-B) Extended Squitter, as well as in the performance study.
Its work in CNS remote monitoring systems includes support for projects involving the deployment of the radio navigation integrated management system (SIRA).
In the field of satellite navigation, Ineco continued to collaborate in activities prior to the publication of RNP APCH approaches based on GNSS in several Spanish airports and in the elaboration of the Concept of Operations (CONOPS) of RNP approaches with different minimum LNAV, LNAV/VNAV and LPV (APV SBAS) in the airports of Valencia, Lanzarote and Madrid.
As part of the automation of the air traffic control system, Ineco actively participated in the replacement of the hardware platform for the servers of the Canary Islands COMETA B systems, both in the Area Control Centre (ACC) and in the ATS Simulation and Contingencies (SIM/CATS) area. It also collaborated in the analysis, specification, testing and commissioning of the SACTA version 3.Z5.60 Linux Mixed.
Another important activity in 2017 was its collaboration with Enaire for the completion of the first version of the Air Navigation Master Plan, which determines the facilities necessary for the provision of different air navigation services and reserve spaces that ensure its development and growth in 15 years’ time.
At the international level, in particular in Europe, Ineco consolidated its active participation in the development and deployment of the infrastructure that the European Commission is carrying out for Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and operation of the services of same, mainly in the state-of-the-art European system, Galileo. In 2017, Ineco continued to lead the activities of the European User Services Centre of the Galileo programme (European GNSS Service Centre – GSC) located in Madrid, a hub that assists users of Satellite Navigation Systems (GNSS) all over the world. Work on the EGUS (European GNSS User Support) project was also finalised in 2017, where for 4 years specialised support was provided to the European Agency – GSA. Ineco also continued to provide support to the European Space Agency (ESA) for the development of the European satellite navigation system EGNOS focused primarily on project validation and verification.
Within the European SESAR 2020 programme, it contributed with 8 solutions for different projects, and it participated in forums and international groups such as Eurocontrol and Eurocae WG28 of GBAS; Eurocae WG-62 (Galileo) and JRC of the European Commission.
It also continued to be involved in the development of existing air navigation contracts in Singapore, Taiwan, Cape Verde and Mozambique. It also continued its the advisory work for the transition in the Singapore-Changi Airport, consisting of the identification, selection and calculation of the KPIs involved in the operational analysis of the airport. Also worthy of mention are the design of operational procedures at five airports in Oman and the improvement of CNS systems at Fujairah airport in the United Arab Emirates.